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Can Democrats pass a reconciliation bill this month?

The emerging legislation would be limited compared to previous versions
Washington National Mall
Posted at 2:00 AM, Jul 11, 2022
and last updated 2022-07-11 05:00:42-04

WASHINGTON — Congress is returning to Washington this week for what is expected to be a consequential few weeks of negotiations that could impact everything from the price you pay for prescription drugs to the cost of electric cars.

THE PLAN

Democrats came to Washington in January of 2021 with wide-ranging ambitions.

There were plans for changes to community college, child care, and prescription drugs — to name a few.

While infrastructure reform passed, progressives, for the most part, have been unable to get through the Senate many of their big ideas.

Remember Build Back Better last year?

It was a massive policy bill that Democrats wanted to pass.

The legislation failed, however, because Democrats in the Senate weren't unanimously supporting the idea.

Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV) was concerned about too much spending and inflation.

However, it appears as though Democratic leadership has convinced Senator Manchin to support something, and as a result, they will try to pass significant policy changes again.

The plan for the moment is to advance a scaled-down version of Build Back Better, perhaps sometime this month.

RETURN OF RECONCILIATION

Get ready to hear more about a word known as "reconciliation" in the coming days.

Under standard Senate rules, 60 votes are needed to defeat the filibuster and pass legislation.

However, the reconciliation process allows for some financial bills to pass the Senate with a simple majority vote.

Democrats have that if they all stick together in the Senate because the vice president breaks any ties.

Very few details on the proposed legislation have been released. Still, there is early agreement among Democrats to close tax loopholes for those making more than $400,000 by forcing new taxes on incomes from certain "pass-through" businesses.

According to reports, the change would make Medicare solvent until at least 2031.

The bill also includes, for the moment, prescription drug reform.

That policy proposal might limit how much a drug's price can be increased from year to year.

It could also lower seniors' prices by allowing Medicare to negotiate with drug companies for the first time.

We are told the legislation could include other ideas, too, like electric car tax credits, just as long as every Democrat in the Senate supports it and is paid for.

New child tax credits or significant changes to child care policy are not expected to be included.

President Biden and congressional leaders are facing one major hurdle: the election is quickly approaching.

The ticking clock means Democrats won't have much time to negotiate and pass this. August recess and the campaign trail are looming.

Not to mention, Democrats are also trying this month to pass a bipartisan bill meant to boost computer chip manufacturing in the United States.

Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY), who leads Republicans in the Senate, has said he wouldn't support that computer chip legislation anymore if Democrats go ahead with their reconciliation bill.